Dharma Pearls

Translating Classical Buddhism to Modern English

The Related Discourses

12. Factors of Awakening

34. Abodes of Mindfulness

1. Thus I have heard: One time, the Buddha was staying at Anāthapiṇḍada Park in Jeta Grove in Śrāvastī.

2. It was then that the Bhagavān addressed the monks, “There’s what’s called the factors of awakening. What are the factors of awakening?”

3. The monks said to the Buddha, “The Bhagavān is the Dharma root, the Dharma eye, and the Dharma refuge. Please explain it for us! After we hear it, the monks will accept it and hand it down.”

4. The Buddha addressed the monks, “The seven factors of awakening are seven factors of the path. Monks, these seven factors of awakening are gradually produced in sequence. After they are gradually produced in sequence, their fulfillment is cultivated.”

5. The monks said to the Buddha, “What are the seven factors of awakening that are gradually produced in sequence and fulfilled after they are gradually produced in sequence?”

6. “Suppose a monk abides mindfully contemplating body as body. After he abides mindfully contemplating body as body, he focuses his mind, ties it to mindfulness, and doesn’t forget it. At that point, he’s skillfully cultivating the awakening factor of mindfulness. After skillfully cultivating the awakening factor of mindfulness, he cultivates its fulfillment.

7. “After cultivating the awakening factor of mindfulness, he discriminates qualities. At that point, he’s cultivating skill in the awakening factor of discriminating qualities. After cultivating the awakening factor of discriminating qualities skillfully, he cultivates its fulfillment.

8. So it is with the awakening factors of effort, joy, calm, concentration, and equanimity. They are likewise explained. Like the internal body, thus are the external body, internal and external body, feelings, mind, and principles explained. “He abides mindfully contemplating principles as principles. He focuses his mind, ties it to mindfulness, and doesn’t forget it. At that point, he’s skillfully cultivating the awakening factor of mindfulness. After skillfully cultivating the awakening factor of mindfulness, he cultivates its fulfillment up to the awakening factor of equanimity, which is likewise explained. This is called a monk who gradually produces the seven factors of awakening in sequence. After they are gradually produced in sequence, he cultivates their fulfillment.”

9. After the Buddha taught this sūtra, the monks who heard what he taught rejoiced and approved.


Translator: Charles Patton

Last Revised: 14 September 2020