The Long Discourses
(Skt. Dīrgha Āgama; Ch. 長阿含經)
The Chinese translation of The Long Discourses is a collection of important early Buddhist sutras that’s roughly equivalent to the Pali canon’s Dīgha Nikāya. Scholars believe from internal and other evidence that it represents a translation from the Indian Dharmaguptaka canon, which is closely related to the Pali canon in scriptural lineage. It would explain, among other things, the large amount of overlap that we see between the two collections.
Below is a list of the English translations currently available with brief synopses of their contents. Pali equivalents are listed in () and the sourcetext is indicated in .
DĀ 21 Brahmā’s Shaking (∥ DN 1) [T 1.88b13]
A pair of ascetics disagree in their assessment of the Buddha, one praising him while the other criticizes him. When the Buddha overhears the monks discussing this, he joins them and gives them a teaching on why they shouldn’t react to criticism or praise. In the process, he outlines 62 wrong views that non-Buddhists create when they speculate about the past and future.
DĀ 27 The Fruits of the Ascetics (∥ DN 2) [T 1.107a20]
King Ajātaśatru decides to visit the Buddha on an auspicious full moon night with his brother Jīvaka. He asks the Buddha what the fruits of the ascetic life are in the present and relates the various responses he received from the six heretical teachers.
DĀ 29 Lohitya (∥ DN 12) [T 1.112c20]
A priestly lord named Lohitya hears that the famous mendicant teacher Gautama has stopped nearby. He decides to meet the Buddha, so he invites him to share a meal at his residence. When the Buddha gives him an unrequested Dharma teaching, however, Lothitya is offended and forms a wrong view that religious teachers shouldn’t teach others for their own gain.